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    Botanical Name: (Origanum majorana)

    Common Names: Sweet Marjoram, Knotted Marjoram, Pot Marjoram

    Marjoram synonyms are: majorana hortensis, moench and majorana.

    Family Name: Lamiaceae

    TCM Name: Mo Jiao Lan

    Meridians: Lung, Spleen

    Key Actions: Eliminates Phlegm/Drains Damp/Clears Heat. Moves Blood/Calms Shen. Promotes Digestion/Moves Qi. Relieves Pain. Promotes lactation.

    Medicinal Uses: Headaches, colds, runny nose, diabetes, stress, lowers blood pressure, eases menstrual cramps and mood swings, insomnia, poor appetite, diarrhea, abdominal cramping, constipation, arthritis, nerve pain, muscle pain, joint pain.Parts Used: Leaves

    Habitat: Marjoram is an aromatic herb in the mint family which originated in Egypt and Arabia. It is also widely referred to as Oregano. Today, it is commonly found in the Mediterranean region or grown in gardens around the world. Marjoram is often treated as an annual (even though it is a perennial) because it is so sensitive to freezing temperatures that can cause death or injury. The plants are often seeded indoors during late winter or early spring and then transplanted. They like full sun and well-drained soil. They are a drought tolerant plant and make a pretty ground covering plant.

    Description: Leaves are smooth, simple, petiolated, ovate to oblong-ovate, 0.5–1.5 cm (0.2–0.6 inches) long, 0.2–0.8 cm (0.1–0.3 inches) wide, with obtuse apex, entire margin, symmetrical but tapering base, and reticulate venation. The texture is extremely smooth due to the presence of numerous hairs

    Constituents: Sabinene, Alpha-terpinene, Gamma terpinene, Cymene, Terpinolene, Linalool, Sabinene hydrate, Linalyl acetate, Terpineol, Gamma terpineol, Borneal, Camphor, Pinene, Antioxidants, Vitamins A & C, Calcium, Iron.

    Taste: Slight Sweet, Pungent, Slightly Bitter

    Energy: Cool

    Organs & Systems Affected: Digestion, Lungs, Intestines

    Combines Well With: Lavender, Rosemary

    Essential Oil Blends: Digestive: Marjoram 6, Juniper 4 & Anise 2

    Respiratory: Marjoram 6, Benzoin 3 & Ginger 3

    Nervous: Marjoram 6, Rose 3 & Lavender 2

    Muscular: Marjoram 7, Rosemary 3 & Lemongrass 2

    Key Actions: Antiseptic, Antibacterial, Antifungal, Antiviral, Diaphoretic, Relaxant, Analgesic, Anti-inflammatory, Antispasmodic, Antifungal, Laxative, Nervine, Vulnerary, Sedating, Carminative, Diaphoretic, Digestive, Diuretic, Hypotensive, Aphrodisiac, Emmenagogue.

    Nutrition information

    When used regularly, marjoram is a great addition to a healthy diet. Two tablespoons of marjoram is packed with antioxidants, vitamins, and other nutrients. Every two tablespoons of marjoram contains:

    • Vitamin A: 6% Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA)
    • Calcium: 8% RDA
    • Vitamin C: 3.5% RDA
    • Iron: 18% RDA

    Digestive benefits

    To enhance the digestive system's performance, 2-4 cups of marjoram tea may be ingested in 2 hours. Drinking the tea will help digestion by:

    • Increasing the efficiency of digestion by increasing digestive enzymes and saliva
    • Calming the stomach and digestive system.
    • Improving appetite
    • Relieving nausea
    • Eliminating flatulence
    • Curing or preventing basic intestinal infections
    • Soothing painful stomach cramps or spasms
    • Relieving diarrhoea
    • Relieving constipation

    Protection against common illnesses

    Marjoram is a great antiseptic, antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral agent. As a result, it fights against a variety of common illnesses:

    • Food poisoning
    • Staph infection
    • Tetanous infection in wounds
    • Typhoid
    • Malaria
    • Influenza
    • Common cold
    • Mumps
    • Measles

    Improved cardiovascular health

    Another benefit of marjoram is the enhancement of the cardiovascular and circulatory system. It helps by eliminating common risks associated with cardiovascular disease. Some ways it helps include:

    • Lowering the blood pressure, greatly reducing the risk of hypertension and resultant heart problems.
    • Greatly preventing the buildup of cholesterol, reducing risk of hardened arteries
    • Aiding in improved blood circulation by dilating the arteries as necessary.

    Studies show that lower cholesterol and blood pressure levels are linked to a reduced rate of heart disease and heart attack.

    Anti-inflammatory effects

    Marjoram is also an anti-inflammatory herb. Taken internally, it is great at relieving a variety of problems caused by inflammation, including:

    • Asthma
    • Muscle spasms
    • Sinus headaches
    • Migraines
    • Fever
    • Body aches

    Topical Application

    Applied topically, it also has been known to relieve:

    • Painful joints
    • Sore muscles
    • Sprains
    • Back ache
    • Toothaches.

    Emotional and Neurological Benefits

    With sedative and antidepressant qualities marjoram has a variety of psychological and neurological benefits. It aids in:

    • Relieving insomnia
    • Reducing stress
    • Calming anxiety
    • Minimizing emotional reactions
    • Increasing control of sexual desire

    When taken in larger doses, it even exhibits mild antidepressant qualities.

    Other health benefits

    There are a variety of other health benefits as well, such as:

    • Reduction of phlegm
    • Warding off fungal infections
    • Regulating the menstrual cycle in women
    • Relieving premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
    • Lessening bruising.


    • Marjoram Tea: Grind marjoram leaves into a paste and add hot water or tea. Use one teaspoon of ground marjoram per 7 ounces of water. Boil the mixture for 15 minutes. Drink two to four cups of this tea over the span of two hours for digestive benefits.
    • Stronger marjoram tea: Add two teaspoons of marjoram to a cup of 7 ounces of cold water. Let it soak for 24 hours and add honey to it. An even stronger tea may be made by adding 6 teaspoons marjoram to 7 ounces of water. It has a calming, antidepressive effect.
    • Marjoram essential oil: The oil may be rubbed into the skin to relieve cramps, sprains, toothache, or other ailments.


    Pregnant and nursing women should not use Marjoram Leaf. Those who are allergic to members of the mint family (thyme, basil, sage, oregano, lavender, hyssop, etc.) should avoid this herb.


    Batrams Herbal Medicine

    A to Z Aromatherapthy



  2. PeppermintOilUpdate_Header


    Botanical Name: Mentha x piperita.

    Family Name: LAMIACEAE or LABIATAE

    All true mints belong to the genus Mentha. Peppermint is a hybrid plant, a cross between watermint (Mentha aquatica) and spearmint (Mentha spicata). 

    Common Names: Peppermint, mint, menthol

    Habitat: Peppermint is found growing wild in the moist soils of the warmer parts of Europe, Asia, and America. It was cultivated in Europe but also in America, where it has become a vital crop over the last one hundred years. Peppermint is a perennial shrub which grows best in very moist soils with high water-holding capacity. While the plant has proved invaluable in medicine, for both topical and oral uses, it is also used widely in the perfume, soap and of course the food industries, becoming the most commercially important of the Mentha species. It has a fresh odor and a persistent cooling taste. Annually in the United States, over 1,000,000lb of peppermint oil is produced.

    Plant Description: The peppermint plant grows to about 2-3 feet in height. It produces very small purple or white flowers that bloom from July through August. The leaves are dark green and fragrant.

    Plant Parts Used: The leaves are harvested when the plant is in bloom and the leaves are at their most flavoursome. The oil is used for pharmaceutical preparations, as well as a flavor for gum and candy, etc… The stems and leaves can be used for tea. Although there are hundreds of kinds of mint, Peppermint is the one most often used medicinally. Menthol is found in Peppermint and Japanese mint, and is distilled from the oil.

    Constituents volatile oil (mainly menthol [35-55%] and menthone [10-40%]), flavonoids (luteolin and menthoside), phenolic acids, triterpenes, tannins, tocopherols, choline, azulines, carotenes

    Actions: Antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, antiparasitic, antispasmodic, antinausea, antiseptic, analgesic, carminative, digestive tonic, increases sweating while cooling internally, relieves muscle spasms, relaxes peripheral blood vessels, stimulates bile secretion, topical anesthetic (but can also be an irritant)

    Taste: Pungent, Slightly Sweet

    Energy: Cooling

    Works Well With: Liquorice & Ginger for Digestive Disorders

    Organs & Systems Affected: Head, Heart, Lungs, Stomach, Intestines, Liver, Uterus, Nerves


    Peppermint as a tea has become very popular and it is thought to have a number of health benefits for variety of ailments such as biliary disorders, dyspepsia, enteritis, flatulence, gastritis, intestinal colic, and spasms of the bile duct, gallbladder and gastrointestinal (GI) tract. When the steam from the tea is inhaled it can ease sinus congestion and the inflammation of the mucous membrane in the nose and throat. In Germany, peppermint leaf tea has been licensed for use during indigestion or dyspepsia. The oil has been used as an herbal pain relief and is a common ingredient in products aimed at athletes to soothe sore muscles. Peppermint oil, as an external treatment, has been approved for myalgia, muscle pain, and neuralgia and nerve pain.The essential oil of peppermint has been used as a topical application to repel insects. In India, researchers at the Malaria Research Centre in Delhi have found that the oil repels adult mosquitoes and can kill the larvae. This, in turn, can have positive effects on diseases such as Dengue Fever and Malaria. The camphor or menthol, derived from the peppermint oil is used as an antiseptic when treating colds, as a topical counter-irritant. It has been shown, that peppermint oil can reduce the muscle spasms in the upper and lower gastrointestinal tract of patients undergoing endoscopies, barium enemas, and colonoscopies and also that peppermint oil in capsule form can relax the muscle in the stomach and small intestine, which would ease cramping. It has been approved for internal use by the German Commission E, to effectively treat the gastrointestinal tract, gall bladder, and bile ducts. It is also approved for irritable colon and as a remedy for irritable bowel syndrome, where it has been shown to provide mild relief for the symptoms of flatulence, abdominal pain and distension. A number of studies have investigated the antioxidant effect of Mentha piperita. For example, an aqueous solution of previously frozen, yet fresh leaves were found to have the highest level of oxygen radical absorbance capacity, among a group of other popular medicinal herbs. It was also found to have a higher free radical scavenging capacity than other species in the genus Mentha and off all tea infusions, it was the peppermint tea that was found to have the greatest antioxidant capacities. It has been noted that peppermint may have cancer-fighting and anti-tumour abilities. It was shown to significantly suppress the effect of okadaic acid which promotes tumour formation. A high dose of menthol derived from the herb reduces the activity of cytosolic arylamine N- acetyltransferase (NAT) activity in the human liver tumor cell, however, this effect lessens with dose, and at very low doses can promote NAT relative to other substances. Studies have shown that the flavonoid glycoside, luteolin-7-O-rutinoside, obtained from Mentha piperita has a significant effect on the inhibition of histamine release. Menthol was also found to suppress the production of inflammatory mediating compounds. It has therefore been suggested that peppermint can play a role as an anti-allergenic. It has been noted that peppermint has anti-viral properties and aqueous extracts from the plant have significant effects on influenza viruses. The herb has been shown to inhibit influenza virus reproduction, reducing the infectiousness. In 1998, a study demonstrated that Mentha piperita was highly potent against the human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) at a dose of 16µg/mL. Peppermint oil has been extensively researched concerning its antibacterial abilities. Its components menthol and menthene have shown a moderate inhibitory effect against human pathogens, such as Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria, Staphylococcus epidermis. One study found peppermint oil to be effective against 22 independent bacterial strains. Menthol is the most effective of the peppermint components, shown to be quite effective for gastrointestinal bacteria.

    Science on Peppermint

    ~ The external application of Peppermint oil (10% mixed with ethanol) reduced headache sensitivity and intensity comparable with the drug acetaminophen (equivalent to 1 gram or two capsules of Paracetamol) in a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover trial (Gobel H, Fresenius J, Heinze A et al. Nervenarzt 1996;67(8):672-681)

    ~ In a randomised, double-blind, multicenter, plabebo-controlled trial 75% of children with irritable bowel syndrome who received enteric-coated peppermint oil experienced reduced severity of pain after two weeks of treatment (Kline RM et al.J Pediatr 138(1):125-128, 2001)

    ~ A 4 week study done with patients with asthma showed that daily inhalation of menthol (from Peppermint) significantly decreased airway hypersensitivity (Tamaoki J, Chiyotani A, Sakai A et al. Respir Med 1995;89(7):503-504)

    ~ Peppermint was tested in a large double-blind, placebo-controlled study with people suffering from severe indigestion where it was compared with a motility drug called cisapride. Significant pain relief was achieved with both the drug and the Peppermint over the 4 weeks of the trial (Madisch A et al. Arzneim Forsch 49(11):925-932,1999)

    ~ A liquid herbal formula containing Peppermint, Fennel, Caraway and Wormwood was significantly superior to the drug metoclopramide (a drug used to reduce spasm) in terms of relieving symptoms in a randomised, double-blind, controlled study in patients with dyspepsia i.e. painful indigestion (Westphal J, Horning M, Leonhardt K. Phytomed 1996; 2(4):285-291)

    ~ A similar study that used a tablet form of the above herbs (with Gentian instead of Wormwood) also had excellent results in patients with chronic digestive problems such as flatulence or bloating (Silberhorn H, Landgrebe N, Wohling D et al. 6th Phytotherapy Conference, Berlin, Oct 5-7, 1995)


    Individuals with achlorhydria, biliary or gall bladder obstruction, or gallstones, acid reflux or issues of the esophagus should not use peppermint. Highly concentrated peppermint oil should not be rubbed on or inhaled profusely as it can cause dermatitis, flushing or headaches. Over consumption of peppermint can also cause peristaltic actions of the colon to relax, slowing the movement of food in the alimentary tract, and thus is not recommended after dinner, or for people with a hiatal hernia. The leaf contains tannins which if overly consumed can cause liver damage. Menthol products should not be given to young children because nasal preparations could cause gagging, or spasms of the glottis (the opening between the vocal cords in the throat), resulting in airway obstructions.


    Bartrams Encyclopedia Herbal Medicine



    Wow what a busy couple of weeks, So much so that i haven't even had a chance to sit down and do any blogging, but this week seems a little calmer.... well for 5 minutes anyway, as its feast week next week, so I probably wont have time to swing a cat, but i will try. So apart from being flat out, what has happened the past couple of weeks in the Soap Kitchen.


    Well as always Bath Bombs have been the main focus, I have had to taken my equipment home, so i can play catch up, as there weren't enough hours in the day at the shop. We have also introduced a new bomb, made with freshly ground coffee, from Mevagissey Coffee, with a Vanilla fragrance, it smells absolutely divine, and our new coffee face & body scrubs are going down really well, if you have used one, i would love for you to let us know how you got on with it.

    coffee1      coffee


    Now, because of the curve ball that has been thrown at us, with recent news, we have brought forward our planned products, which were meant to be introduced next year, so I have been busy making, new conditioners, Hand & Body Lotions, and of course our New Room Sprays, to which we have 3, Lavender, Rose Geranium & Citrus Fresh. Also our Signage arrived for the Car park, which looks absolutely amazing, i have a very clever hubby.

    sign                      vegan

    Also Did You Know That Out of The 125 Different Products That We Make... 102 of them are Suitable For Vegans That's 82% Of our product range, that contain NO Animal Products or Animal Derivatives. Look out for our Vegan Badge on the product pages.


     This week has actually seen me making soap.... who'd have thunk it lol, I can find the time to make it... although it has been hard as there was a time that Soap Making was the demanding child and i had trouble finding time to make the skincare, but now its the  Bath Bombs, who knew. So the soaps Ive made this week are our Shampoo soaps, There was Nettle & Rosemary, Rosehip & Geranium and Marshmallow & Hemp, plus some of the others. All three of these soaps use a Herbal infusion, which add to the colour, texture and the ability for the soap help cleanse the scalp and the skin.

    marsh1   rosehip

    Ooo and i almost forgot, we have introduced a new Candle Range into the shop, there from Paddywax and smell absolutely gorgeous, I know we were going to make our own, but with everything else going on they will hopefully be introduced next year.


    Well thats all for now, Today is all about our daughter, as its her Leavers Assembly, so the shop is closed all day (22/06/18), but will reopen tomorrow at 10am.

    So TTFN xx

  4. coffee3

    I would like to Introduce our New Coffee Face & Body Scrub, now why does this product have its own blog post, and its not lumped in with all the rest of the products that we make... Well using Coffee on the skin is pretty special and i wanted to tell you all about it.

    Now we will be launching 3 New Face & Body Scrubs in total, A plain Coffee Scrub (even though there;s nothing plain about Coffee) a Cinnamon one made with ground Cinnamon  and a Vanilla one made with Vanilla Pods, these will have no added scent as they don't need it as Coffee Smells amazing on its own and all will be blended with brown sugar. So whats so Special about Coffee? Apart from being Supplied from a Local Coffee business, Mevagissey Coffee, who is literally 200 yrds away from us......

    Using Coffee as an Exfoliator

    Ground Coffee is the ideal consistency for creating the ultimate exfoliator, but its also has caffeic acid, which is known to increase collagen production. Collagen is a protein produced by our cells that helps “hold” the skin together, keeping it looking younger and giving it firmness and elasticity. When we’re young, our skin stays plump and smooth because it constantly regenerates itself, but as we age, collagen production slows and existing collagen can become damaged due to poor skin habits and sun exposure.

    Tired, Puffy Eyes & Dark Circles

    I talked about eye care in a previous post and totally forgot to mention, What Coffee can do for the them, well now's my chance to rectify that. Dark circles and tired puffy eyes can make you look a lot older than you actually are, so how can Coffee help reduce them. Well as mentioned previously, Dark Circles under the eyes can be caused by numerous different reasons such as seasonal allergies or poor sleeping habits to hormonal fluctuations and genetics. And while cosmetic concealers can cover them up, they don’t get to the root of the problem and often come with a host of potentially harmful chemicals as well which can add to the problems. So how can a Cup of Coffee help, well its all thanks to Caffeine, Caffeine is an anti-inflammatory, that when applied to the skin, is known to reduce swelling by constricting the blood vessels just below the skins surface, which in turn reduces the puffiness and can help balance skin tone


    Soothing Tired aching Feet

    Coffee is also an excellent ingredient to use as a foot scrub, as it can not only help in the removal of dead, dry skin cells, but it can help soothe tired feet after a long day

    Minimising the appearance of cellulite 

    Coffee grounds can also help minimise the appearance of cellulite. While some say the effects are only temporary, others disagree, swearing by the results. Even if it does only last for the short term, it may be ideal for those times you want to look great in a bathing suit. Cellulite is something most people struggle with, no matter how much you work out. The caffeine in coffee helps to dilate blood vessels, which temporarily tones and tightens tissue while improving blood circulation and reducing water retention. Those benefits may help smooth that dimpled appearance of cellulite. Coffee’s antioxidants also helps to release toxins, which can also aid in lessening the dimpled look while improving the health of your skin.

    Prevent clogged pores and get glowing skin

    Experts say coffee’s acidity helps to boost the skin’s protective barrier, which keeps your skin looking healthier and toned while helping to remove clogged pores. Though it seems counter intuitive given its stimulant nature, coffee can actually calm inflamed and red skin thanks to the same antioxidants that protect it from premature ageing.

    According to the results of a 2011 study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, you may someday slather coffee on your burn-prone parts to protect your skin from sun damage. Researchers found that topically applied caffeine helped protect against some skin cancers at the molecular level by inhibiting a protein enzyme in skin.

     It targets free radicals.

    Free radicals are molecules that, when damaged, whether through stress, diet, smoking, or other products, can result in visible skin imperfections like dark spots and lines. Which is where coffee comes in: it’s packed with antioxidants, which target those free radicals and help reverse the imperfections, brightening your skin and giving you a refreshed glow.

    It’s perfectly balanced.

    While it can be difficult to find the perfect product that won’t overcompensate and leave your dry skin too oily, or your oily skin too dry, coffee pretty much eliminates that problem. “Coffee has the same PH as your skin, [so] it won’t leave you feeling dry or oily,”

    Reset your olfactory nerves

    Trying to choose from among several perfumes? Give coffee beans a quick sniff in between. Smelling coffee between spritzes of eau de cologne helps prevent nose fatigue, according to research by University of California, Berkeley neuroscientist Noam Sobel. In other words, it serves as a sort of palate-cleanser or reset button (that's why you often see beans at the fragrance counter of fancy department stores).